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  • LESSON 12: CÂU TRỰC TIẾP - GIÁN TI

LESSON 12: CÂU TRỰC TIẾP - GIÁN TIẾP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A/ LÝ THUYẾT

* Khi muốn tường thuật sang câu gián tiếp, ta cần lưu ý:

1. Chuyển thì:

a. HTĐ – QKĐ, HTTD- QKTD, HTHT – QKHT.

b. QKĐ- QKHT, QKTD- QKHT, QKHT-QKHT

c. TLĐ- TL trong QK: will- would, shall-should, can-could, may- might

d. TLG: am/is/ are going to V -> was/were going to V

e. must/have to + V -> had to +V

2. Chuyển đại từ

3. Chuyển trạng từ

Trực tiếp

Gián tiếp

This

That

These

Those

Here

There

Now

Then

Today

That day

Ago

Before

Tomorrow

-The following day

-The next day

The day after tomorrow

- In two day’s time

- Two days after

Yesterday

-The day before

-The previous day

The day before yesterday

Two days before

Next week/year ….

The following week/ year…..

 

Last week/year

- The week/year… before

- The previous week/year….

 

I. Câu trần thuật

Ex: He said: “ You are hardworking”

=> He said that we were hardworking 

S +  said/ told/ said to sb  that  + S +V +O

II. Yes/No question

Ex: Nam asked Mai “ Are you going to buy this car tomorrow?”

-> Nam asked Mai if she going to buy that car the next day. 

S asked sb if/whether +S+V+O

III. Wh-question

Ex: The teacher asked me : “ Where does your father work?”

=> The teacher asked me where my father worked 

S + asked sb + wh-word + S +V+O

IV. Câu mệnh lệnh

Ex: My father told me: “ Don’t go out late!”

=> My father told me not to go out late.

S + asked/ told/ beg /advise /remind /offer /warn sb  ( not) to do st

B/ BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH

BÀI TẬP I: Chuyển các câu nói sau sang câu gián tiếp

1. Nam said “I am told to be at school before 7 o’clock”

2. Thu said “All the students will have a meeting next week”

3. Phong said “My parents are very proud of my good marks”

4. The teacher said “All the homework must be done carefully”

5. Her father said to her “You can go to the movie with your friend”

6. Hoa said “I may visit my parents in the summer”

7. The teacher said “We can collect old book for the poor students”

8. She said “She doesn’t buy this book”

9. The boys said “We have to try our best to win the match”

10. Her classmate said “Lan is the most intelligent girl in our class”

11. They told us “Our friends will get the award for their highest scores”

12. He said “I will go to school by bus tomorrow”

13. Phong said “I need to learn more vocabulary”

14. His brother told him “You can use my computer today”

15. Mai said “I can not go to the movies with you, Nam”

BÀI TẬP II: Chuyển các câu hỏi YES/NO questions sau sang câu gián tiếp

1. “Do you enjoy reading?” Phong asked Peter

2. “Does she like sports?” Hoa asked Lan

3. “Do your sister and brother go to the same school?” She asked Nam

4. “Are there some oranges in the fridge?” She asked her mom

5. “Will it rain tomorrow morning?” He asked his friend

6. “Did you go to Hue three years ago?” Tam asked Peter

7. “Are Tam and Hoa late for class?” Tuan asked Lan

8. She said to me “Can you speak Chinese?”

9. “Will she be here for five days?” Tam asked Thu

10. “Were you reading this book at 8 o’clock last Sunday?” She asked Ba

 BÀI TẬP III: Chuyển các câu hỏi WH sau sang câu gián tiếp

1. “Where does your father work?” The teacher asked me

2. “How many people are there in your family?” She asked Lan

3. Tam’s friend asked him “How long will you stay in England?”

4. “Are there some oranges in the fridge?” She asked her mom

5. The teacher said to Lien “What‘s your hobby?”

6. “How do you go to the airport?” His friend asked him

7. “How much does this dress cost?” Lan asked Lien

8. Ba asked Tam “How often do you wash your clothes?”

9. “When will your father leave Vietnam for the USA?” Phong asked Thu

10. “How many books do the students need?” The librarian asked myteacher

 BÀI TẬP IV: Chuyển các câu mệnh lệnh sau sang câu gián tiếp

1. She said to him: “give me another glass of wine”.

2. She said to me: “bring me a book”.

3. Mother said to him: “open the window please!”.

4. He said to me: “shut the door after you”.

5. The captain said to them: “wait here still I come back”.

6. She told her: “take it and come with me”.

7. He said to me: “don’t come back before one o’clock”.

8. My mother told me: “don’t forget to look at the door”.

9. He said to his brother: “don’t open the window, open the door”.

10. He said to the girl: “don’t sit on my bed, sit on this chair please!”.