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  • LESSON 4: QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN

LESSON 4: QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A. LÝ THUYẾT

I. Cách sử dụng

1. Diễn tả hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ và kết thúc trong quá khứ.

- I went to the zoo yesterday.

- 56 industry players ( doanh nghiệp) from 21 countries attended the forum.

2. Diễn tả nhiều hành động xảy ra liên tiếp trong quá khứ.

- They came home, ate a lot and slept!

- 815 Cola agencies were not successful and they went bankrupt.

II. Cấu trúc

Be ( was, were)

V (did)

( + ) I, He, she, It + was

        We, You, They + were

( + ) S + Ved/ ĐT bất quy tắc ( côt 2)

 

 

( - ) I, He, She, It + was not ( wasn’t)

       We, You, They + were not ( weren’t)

( - ) S + did not ( didn’t) + V

 

 

( ? ) Tobe + S +O?

 

( ? ) Did + S +V ?

 

(Wh - questions)

(S) Wh + was/were + O?

(O) Wh + was/were + S + ...?

       

(Wh - questions)

(S) Wh + V (P1) + O?

(O) Wh + did + S + V?

 

III. Quy tắc thêm “ed” vào sau ĐT

      1. ĐT kết thúc bằng “e” ta chỉ cần thêm “d” vào sau ĐT

          - invite –> invited        

      2.  ĐT kết thúc bằng:  “ phụ âm + y”  -> đổi “y” -> “i + ed”

          - study –> studied                               carry -> carried

      3. ĐT tận cùng :  một nguyên âm + phụ âm (trừ r,h,w,x,y,) -> gấp đôi phụ âm -> thêm "ed”

        - stop -> stopped

     * Note : fix -> fixing         discover -> discovering

       4. Động từ có 2 âm tiết và trọng âm nằm ở âm tiết thứ 2 ->  gấp đôi phụ âm và thêm "ed”

          - permit –> permitted                      prefer –> preferred

       5. Còn lại ta chỉ cần  thêm “ ed” vào sau ĐT

IV. Dấu hiệu nhận biết

      Khi xuất hiện các từ chi thời gian:

      - Yesterday               

      - The day before yesterday

      - Ago                         

      - Last                             

      - In + mốc thời gian trong quá khứ.

B. BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH

BÀI TẬP 1: Hoàn thành các câu sau
1. I (work) ………… in a bank 10 years ago.

2. Where (you/live) ………… when you were young?

3. She (not/study) ………… French at university.

4. He (travel) ………… through the Middle East last year.

5. (they/visit) ………… The Louvre in Paris?

6. She (not/watch) ………… TV yesterday.

7. We (buy) ………… a new car last weekend.

8. Where (you/teach) ………… before you came here?

9. He (not/think) ………… that he was right.

10. I (cook) ………… steak last night.

11. (Lucy/read) ………… “War and Peace” at school?

12. She (not/write) ………… to her grandmother.

13. We (have) ………… a computer when I was a child.

14. Where (you/go) ………… on holiday?

15. I (love) ………… ice cream when I was a child.

16. They (not meet) ………… yesterday.

17. (She/swim) ………… in the sea in Greece?

18. We (not meet) ………… yesterday.

19. He (try) ………… to lift the box but he couldn’t.

20. What (you/eat) ………… for lunch?

BÀI TẬP 2. Hoàn thành các câu sau
1. I (not drink) ………… any beer last night.

2. She (get on) ………… the bus in the center of the city.

3. What time (he/get up) ………… yesterday.

4. Where (you/get off) ………… the train.

5. I (not/change) ………… trains at Victoria.

6. We (wake up) ………… very late.

7. What (he/give) ………… his mother for Christmas?

8. I (receive) ………… $300 when my uncel (die) …………

9. We (not/use) ………… the computer last night.

10. (She/make) ………… good coffee?

11. They (live) ………… in Paris.

12. She (read) ………… the newspaper yesterday.

13. I (not/watch) ………… television.

14. He (not/study) ………… for the exam.

15. (He/call) ………… you?

16. (I/forget) ………… something?

17. What time (the film/start) …………?

18. He (have) ………… a shower.

19. Why (you/come) …………?

20. (He/go) ………… to the party.

BÀI TẬP 3: Hoàn thành các câu sau
1. She (go) ………… home.

2. We (watch) ………… a film.

3. When (he/arrive) …………?

4. I (buy) ………… a new car.

5. Where (you/live) …………?

6. I (play) ………… tennis.

7. Where (you/work) ………… before?

8. (They/come) ………… for lunch?

9. (We/study) ………… this subject last year?

10. They (drink) ………… coffee.

11. (You/ see)………… that film?

12. We (eat) ………… dinner.

13. You (not/go) ………… out last night.

14. He (study) ………… very hard for the exam.

15. What (you/watch) …………?

16. We (not/call) ………… you yesterday.

17. They (not/arrive) ………… on time.

18. It (not rain) …………

19. We (not/drink) ………… beer.

20. You (clean) ………… the kitchen.

BÀI TẬP 4: Hoàn thành các câu sau

1. Where (she/go) …………?

2. What (you/do) …………?

3. He (work) ………… in a bank.

4. You (not/call) ………… me.

5. (You/ wear) ………… your red dress.

6. He (not/read) ………… that book.

7. (You/go) …………?

8. (She/study) ………… last night?

9. We (arrive) ………… at last.

10. Who (you/meet) …………?

11. (They/come) ………… to the party?

12. She (not/meet) ………… him.

13. (She/go) …………?

14. You (meet) ………… a friend.

15. Which (you/like) …………?

16. I (not/forget) ………… your book.

17. What (he/do) ………… at the weekend?

18. She (not/like) ………… chocolate.

19. What (you/buy) ………… yesterday?

20. (You/have) ………… a good holiday.

BÀI 5: Hoàn thành các câu hỏi sau

1. Where/ you/ go to school?

2. When/she/arrive?

3. Why/he/eat so much?

4. What/they/do yesterday?

5. Who/you/meet at the party?

6. How/she/come to work this morning?

7. Where/ I/ leave my glasses?

8. When/he/get home/last night?

9. What/you/do at the weekend?

10. Why/she/get angry?

11. Who/they talk to?

12. What/we/do last Christmas?

13. Why/ it/ rain/ on my birthday?

14. How/ she/ finish so quickly?

15. Where/he/go after the class last week?

16. What/ I/ do last Tuesday?

17. When/ you/ start your job?

18. How/ she/get here?

19. Why/ you/ arrive so late?

20. What/ he/ do last summer?