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  • LESSON 9: QUÁ KHỨ HOÀN THÀNH & QUÁ

LESSON 9: QUÁ KHỨ HOÀN THÀNH & QUÁ KHỨ HOÀN THÀNH TIẾP DIỄN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A. LÝ THUYẾT

QUÁ KHỨ HOÀN THÀNH 

I. Cấu trúc                                          

( + ) S + had + PII/ Ved + O

( - ) S + had not ( hadn’t) + PII/Ved + O

( ? ) Had + S + PII/Ved + O?

Wh- question: 

- Hỏi chủ ngữ: Wh-word + had PII + O ?   

- Hỏi tân ngữ: Wh-word + had + S + PII?  

II. Cách sử dụng

1. Diễn tả hành động xảy ra trong 1 khoảng thời gian trong quá khứ

Ex: I had lived here from 2000 to 2005

2. Diễn tả 1 hành động xảy ra trước một hành động khác trong quá khứ.

Ex: Before I went to class, I had eaten 2 loaves of bread.

      After the director had introduced the new employees to the board members, he began the weekly meeting with an update on sales.

3. Diễn tả 1 hành động  xảy ra trước 1 mốc thời gian trong quá khứ.

Ex: Before 9pm yesterday, I had finished my homework.    

III.Dấu hiệu nhận biết

- Xuất hiện các từ: when, before, after, from A to B.

- Tất cả các DHNB của thì HTHT nhưng phải xảy ra trong quá khứ.

QUÁ KHỨ HOÀN THÀNH TIẾP DIỄN

I. Cấu trúc

( + ) S + had been + Ving

( - ) S + had not been + Ving

( ? ) Had + S + been + Ving?

(WH-question):

- Hỏi chủ ngữ: Wh-word + had been Ving + O ?   

- Hỏi tân ngữ: Wh-word + had + S + been Ving?  

II. Cách dùng

- QHHTTD được sử dụng khi muốn nhấn mạnh đến 1 việc nào đó đã diễn ra trong bao lâu trước khi 1 việc khác xảy ra.

Ex: Ken had been smoking for 30 years when he finally gave it up.

III. Dấu hiệu nhận biết

- Tương tự QKHT

 B. BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH THÌ QUÁ KHỨ HOÀN THÀNH

BÀI TẬP I: Chia động từ trong ngoặc vào thì quá khứ hoàn thành

1. After she (finish) ____ breakfast, she left the house.

2. Before he came to Warsaw he (live) ____ in Prague.

3. He told me he (never be) ____ to Australia before.

4. He told me he (never see) ____ anything like that.

5. I couldn ¢ t get in because I (lose) ____ my keys.

6. I felt really stupid because I (make) ____ a lot of mistakes.

7. I paid for the window because my son (break) ____.

8. I told him I didn ¢ t know who (steal) ____ his pen.

9.I was feeling very thirsty because I (drink) ____ too much alcohol the night before.

10. When I saw her I knew we (never meet) ____ before.

 BÀI TẬP II: Chia động từ trong ngoặc vào thì quá khứ đơn hoặc quá khứ hoàn thành

1. They (go) ……………..home after they (finish) ………………… their work.

2. She said that she (already, see) ……………………. Dr. Rice.

3. After taking a bath, he (go) ………………………….. to bed.

4. He told me he (not/eat) ………………………… such kind of food before.

5. When he came to the stadium, the match (already/begin) ………………………………….

6. Before she (watch) ………………….. TV, she (do)……………………. homework.

7. What (be) …………….. he when he (be) ………………. young?

8. After they (go) ………………………, I (sit) ……………….. down and (rest) ……………

9. Yesterday, John (go) ………………….. to the store before he (go) ………………… home.

10. She (win) ………………………. the gold medal in 1986.

11. Our teacher (tell) …………….. us yesterday that he (visit) ……………… England in 1970.

12. Alan (have) ………. hardly (prepare)……….. for dinner when her husband (go)……..home

13. No sooner (have) …………….… I (watch)……………. TV than the phone (ring)…………

14. Before I (watch) ……………… TV, I (do) ………………………….. my homework.

15. After I (wash) …………………………….my clothes, I (sleep) ……………………………

16. Bill said it (be) ……….. the first time he (eat) ……………….. sushi.

17. Lan said that she (break) …………………………………… her glasses the day before.

18. If I (not work) ………………….. last night, I (attend) ………………….. the evening classes.

19. I didn’t have a laptop so I wish I (have) ………………………. a laptop.

20. You didn’t stay home. I would rather you (stay) …………….. home.      

 

BÀI TẬP III: Chia động từ trong ngoặc vào thì quá khứ đơn, quá khứ hoàn thành hoặc hiện tại hoàn thành

1. She didn’t notice that she (never see) ………… that film before.

2. I suddenly (remember) that I ………… (forget) my keys.

3. Bill no longer has his car. He (sell) ………… it.

4. (Have/you/put) ………… off the fire before you (go) ………… out.

5. I was very pleased to see Mary again. I (not see) ………… for a long time.

6. I thanked her for everything she (do) ………… for me.

7. When I got to the office, I (realize) ………… I (forget) ………… to lock the door

8. Who is that woman? I (never seen) ………… her before.

9. Tom was not at home when I (arrive)………… He (just go) ………… out